The Complete History of Welding

As an Amazon Associate, I Earn From Qualifying Purchases.

Do you ever wonder about the history ofthe invention of the welding process and techniques? I think there is a great difficulty in the world without the welding process. So our ancestors are great who put their time, effort, and knowledge intothe welding field.

Moreover, if you focus on your surroundings, then you will know how necessary welding is in your life. There are no vehicles, kitchen utensils, bridges, and many more things without the welding process. So it is an excellent technique and method that make our lives easy and precious. But the fact is only a few of us know about its invention. Do you know who invent the welding machines and who begin the welding processes?

Now you may also be curious to know "The complete history of welding."

The welding process has a long history that shows the effort of our ancestors and helps us realize how they invest their time in inventing the welding process and their relevant machines. Its history starts from 400 BC.

So here I will share the detailed history of welding that helps you understand its importance, and you will see how great welders invented this incredible process in history.

So let's dive into the complete welding history.

Invention of welding

Before disclosing the welding history, it is crucial to know about the great inventor of the welding process. Keep in mind that the welding process in the modern age is way more different from the middle age period.

Modern welding refers to the fusion process that joins the metal and plastic pieces to repair and manufacture the new products. Modern welding techniques are preferable for the metal pieces as it uses the laser, electric and light arc for creating the fusion. However, every welder knows about the working of the modern welding process. So let's move back to our discussion about who invented the welding process.

Many welders among us give credit to Sir Humphry Davy for inventing the modern welding process. But on one no who much effort he put in its invention that deserves more recognition.

During the early eras of the modern welding process, Sir Davy started making a battery for creating between two electrodes. These are the first time when he uses the carbon electrode for developing the electric arc. Building a battery for the electric arc is in the 1800s, and thirty-six years later, Edmund Davy discovers acetylene. However, it took a long time of forty-five years to invent modern welding.

During these forty-five years, welders struggle hard and don't lose hope in their ideas. Finally, however, another welder August De Meritens join the lead plates and create the heating arc. Similarly, many other workers, like a Russian student of De Meritens named Nikolai Benardos, show their great invention. He joins the carbon rods and invents the electric arc. It is a turning point in modern welding process history, and welding techniques develop rapidly.

So the welding invention involves many great names who invest their time and efforts. For example, metal electrodes that are the key to modern welding were discovered by Nikolai Slvynov. Similarly, an engineer of America named C.L Coffin brings up the arc welding that involves many other welding techniques and metal electrodes after arc welding welders set a platform for discovering the shield metal arc welding.

After knowing this invention time of modern welding, you can assess how long it takes to develop today's welding stage. I know there are only a few names in the above discussion, but there are tons of well-known names and put great effort into this incredible process.

Welding timeline history

With the above discussion, you will understand how rich it is with the human spirit and ingenuity. Welding invention and evolution never stop once it develops. Keep in mind that the ancient welding interface is entirely different from to days welding.

Here I will share the welding history timeline, and you will find every leap expensive and impressive involving mechanical and electrical engineering. So here arethe exact pivotal moments of welding history that every welder should know to work effectively.

4000 BC 

Historians believe that an early form of welding was invented at this time by the ancient Egyptians. It is the time when the welding process starts for civilization. The welding process includes copper, andovertime, iron, bronze, and gold are incorporated for advancement.

3000 BC

During 3000 BC, Egyptians start using charcoal to generate the heat that turns the welding pool into iron, and it is also known as the sponge iron. After reducing the strength of iron with heat, they hammered the iron, and it joins together to losing iron particles. It is the time when welders use pressure welding and use heat arc.

1330 BC 

After using the heating arc, the Egyptians began to use the blowing pipes and soldering for quick metal piece melting and joining. It is the time when Egyptians make a turning point in welding history.

60 CE 

After Egyptians, the Historian Pliny share the information about the gold brazing process. They use salt as a flux in the welding process and mentions how metal color reveals the brazing difficulties.

310 CE

You may know about the Indian iron Pillar of Delhi that stands tall till today. Indian welders use the iron from meteorites, and the pillar shows impressive craftsmanship. Indian Pillar of Delhi is 2 feet high and contains six tons of weight that are insane at the time of its building process. But the welding process makes it possible and shows its effectiveness.

1375 CE

During this period, forge welding takes over all other processes. It is not similar to today's modern welding techniques. The Blacksmith heat the metal pieces and pound them together until both pieces bond together.

16th Century

Now it comes the time when welders strive hard for welding techniques advancements. So they advance their crafts during this period. Manuscripts of this Century first introduce the word Weld in the welding industry. There was an Italian Goldsmith, Benvenuto Cellini, who has this credit for writing the process silver and copper brazing.

18th century

Welding technology has improved during the 18th century as this is the era of the industrial revolution that creates the way for today's welding techniques. Industries require advanced welding techniques for manufacturing precious products and help achieve their goals. So welders work hard and develop innovative strategies that can effectively meet their demands. The innovations during this time include blast welding and oxygen discovery.

19th century

As welders, we all know about Sir Humphry Davy, who develop the electric arc. So this century is the base of modern welding processes. Moreover, other welders or inventors also patented fusion welding, electrode welding, basic metal welding, and carbon arc welding. These welding techniques are practical and innovative for welders to perform their regular tasks. In addition, Robers use welding torches for breaking the bank vault and melting the metal.

20th century

In 1903 thermite welding was first invented, and then in 1919, Holslag introduces alternating current welding that later replaces electric arc welding. It is the most prevalent form of welding during the 19th century, especially in the United States. However, the welding process continues to grow and increased demand during world war l and ll. Later the United States Wartime president Woodrow Wilson develop a welding committee to increase its production process and introduce new welding equipment.

Changes in modern welding process over past years

Now you know about the history of welding and its detailed timeline. But it is essential to know what changes occur in modern welding processes that were accurately invented during the 19th century. It is a fact that welding techniques and equipment change repeatedly to better the welding process and its results. However, this evaluation process is still going on and results in a faster and accurate welding process.

Today's welding process is more sophisticated than the previous welding techniques, including robotic welding and many more. Robotic welding techniques can providemore accurate welding results than human welding capabilities as they weld mechanically but humans weld manually. It also eliminates the risk of human injuries that they face during the welding process. In the future, you will see more and more advancements in this welding process.

However, starting the journey of modern welding begins in the 19th century after the discovery of acetylene. This discovery of acetylene helps the welders to have controllable welding. At the start of the 20th century, modern welding started developing into a particular shape because there is easy and quick electricity access for the welders.

After that, there is an increasing demand for welding techniques by the military during world war I and ll. They need an effective welding process for manufacturing and shaping the ships. So it is a significant turning point when modern welding technologies rapidly change and gain a new shape.

During this period, the Co2 welding process grows faster and gain massive popularity. Moreover, there are many great innovations during the 1960s. Some of them are electro slag, inner shield, and many more. In addition, plasma arc welding is also the invention of these years.

Moreover, during the 1970s, soldering techniques was come to light for supporting electronic miniaturization. It includes the hot Gas, vapor phase, and infrared rays for welding the metal pieces.

The last but not the least phase of the welding process started in 1991 when stir welding processes were invented. Later there is a big and crucial discovery regarding modern welding right after eight years. This invention refers to the penetration of flux into the welding pool or welding point. Magnetic pulse welding follows this invention. However, in the same year, we also notice a remarkable thing regarding welding. The metal composite is welded using X-ray, also referred to as the laser arc welding process.

So modern welding technology come to this stage after many noteworthy innovations and developments that took years and years of effort. 

Future of welding

Now you are well aware of the different welding phases and changes. But this evolution process is not stopped yet. Welding procedures continue to grow for the betterment. So as an expert, I can see who the welding process changes in the future. But keep in mind that you don't need to see similar changes in future welding techniques.

Here I am predicting some essential changes that we can notice in the future and benefit from them.

  • First of all, we expect to see the welding operation with controlled mechanisms. It is because welding machines come with complete agile manufacturing that provides better control over the welding process.
  • We expect an automated welding process that provides accurate welding designs and results with less harm to human health.
  • The welding materials and designs demand essential requirements in future products. Moreover, these welding materials also increases the welding industry opportunities and help the welders to grow fast.
  • You will notice that welding will be a crucial part of lifestyle, especially in the manufacturing industry.
  • Now welding demands more energy, but the demand for welding reduces to half specifically for the smart materials in the future. So it also reduces the cost of welding.

Keep in mind that the above future perspectives are predicted that welders expect to get in the future as welding technique advancements.


So by summing up the above discussion, it is clear that the modern welding process is entirely different from ancient times. However, it has a long history that enlightens beginner welding minds about how they get the effective welding process and how their ancestors put effort into making their life easy.

I hope this article helps you in understanding the history of welding.


What are the 3 types of welding?

There are three main types of welding, including the Arc welding, Metal inert gas, GMAW that refers to as the Gas, metal arc welding) and TIG welding that refers to as the Tungsten Inert gas welding.

What is the most complex type of welding?

Tungsten inert gas welding is the most severe form of welding that is challenging to control for beginner welders.

What metal Cannot Weld?

Some metals are difficult to Weld, but combinations are difficult to Weld, especially aluminum and steel, aluminum and copper, and much more complicated to Weld. Welders can't do anything to alter their properties that make this process difficult.

What is the most straightforward metal to Weld?

Steel is one of the easy and quick metals for welding as it has cheap quality steel. You can weld steel with MIG welding and stick welding.

Leave a Comment

Home » Blog » The Complete History of Welding