E6011 Welding Rod Uses: Need To Know Everything (Applications, Amperage Settings & Tips)

As an Amazon Associate, I Earn From Qualifying Purchases.

E6011 is a welding rod that provides numerous uses. Welding sticks or rods provide a tremendous difference in the welding industry. The welder must be experienced and have a level of training to get the best usage of the E6011 welding rod. It provides the best results but only when used with professional skills, not for a novice welder. E6011 is an cellulose electrode that can handle almost everything like contaminated surfaces, works with AC, DC welding power source, weld in flat, horizontal, and flat fillet weld.

But many new welders are confused regarding, what Is E6011 Welding Rod Used For? The E6011 electrode is a multipurpose welding rod that can be used for fabricating and repairing works. It also has applications in weld large diameter pipelines with wall thickness of less than 12.5 millimeters, making it suitable for welding mild steels, galvanized steel as well as certain low alloy steels.

However, it is the best welding electrode, but you need to have a complete guide if you are a beginner. So here we will discuss everything you need to know about the E6011 welding rod.

Let's dig into it.

What Do The Numbers Mean? 

What Do The Numbers Mean

The number of welding rods indicates their specific electrode properties. For the E6011 welding rod, its alphabet and digits represent its specifications. The letter E indicates the term "Electrode." The first two digits, 6 and 0, illustrate the minimum tensile strength of the weld. Tensile strength is measured in pounds per square inch (psi). So the E6011 means that the electrode provides the weld bead with 60000 psi tensile strength.

The third digit of E6011 is "1," which indicates the welding position for which the electrode work best. The number 1 shows that electrodes work best for all the places. However, digit "4" that is also 1 in E6011, indicates the electrode coating type and welding current required to use the specific electrode.

So every electrode has different numbers according to its requirements and specifications.

6011 Welding Rod Amperage & Characteristics

6011 Welding Rod Amperage & Characteristics

Every welding rod has specific characteristics and amperage to provide the particular weld. So it is essential to check them before working with the specific electrode type. Similarly, the E6011 comes with different amperage settings that vary according to the size of the rod. The welding position also makes a more significant difference in the amperage requirements of the electrode.




Amperage Range














So look at the size of the electrode and weld's position to confirm its amperage and characteristics. For example, a 3 by 16-inch electrode requires 160 to 180 amps, and this ratio is best for the vertical welding positions. For the overhead welding position, 140 to 180 amps are suitable with the same electrode size.

Similarly, the horizontal weld with a 1 by 8-inch electrode requires 90 to 140 amps and 3 by 16 inch requires about 160 to 200 amps in the same position.

So it is clear that the amperage setting of an electrode or welding rod depends on its size and electrode diameter. But the position of welding also has a significant impact on the amp ratio during welding.

How Do You Know What It’s Good For?

Welding rods have specific numbers that indicate their goodness regarding particular tasks. So you need to understand the welding rod numbers then you have a lot of knowledge regarding its specifications. As we already discussed, the number of electrodes, it's not as tricky to understand.

The first two digits refer to eth tensile strength in the unit psi. So E6011 has the sixty-thousand-pound power to give the weld. The third digit is the position of the rod, and according to 6011, it is best suitable for any part. But if the third number is 2, it is only perfect for flat welds. The last two digits of electrode numbers represent the flux coating. It helps to determine the suitable current that works best for the rod. Digit 11 refers to a high cellulose potassium coating ideal for the AC, direct current electrode positive. Keep in mind that your weld capabilities must match with the current to get a good weld.

Every flux coating has different penetration capabilities. High cellulose potassium flux provides deep penetration at the surface of the weld. So it is suitable for repairing cars, farm equipment, engines, and other heavy, greasy and rusty items.

E6011 Welding Rod Uses

Welding electrodes are available with different numbers that are suitable for particular uses. But the E6011 has the best features that make it most common stick electrode among others. Its profound penetration ability helps it to stand above all others. So E6011 welding rod can easily penetrate the rust, paint, and dirtier surfaces no matter where it is held.

Moreover, it has quick cooling and weld in every position capability that works a lot in its favors. Primarily welding rods work on a specific position like flat surfaces, but E6011 can strong welds in any place or position.

E6011 electrode works with every current type that the welder has, like AC, direct current electrode positive (DCEP). So it is best to get the nice weld at your specific current form.

With all these features, the E6011 is best for everything that requires deep penetration beyond its polarity options and position.

You can use it in everyday applications during work like construction, pipe welding, steel welding, shipbuilding, storage tanks, and many more.

6011 Electrode Sizes

E6011 is available in a variety of sizes. Welding requires a different dimension of electrodes, so E6011 also has every measure except the 1/16" and the 5/64". These two sizes mostly come in 6012 and 6013 electrode sizes. However, the E6011 sizes range from 3/32" to 5/16". It also has a ¼" size.

The rod diameter in specific welding projects tends to increase the thickness of the welding metal. It is a fact that thicker electrode size has more filler material than the thinner electrode. Moreover, it would help if you had the specific amperage according to the size of the electrode to get the deep penetration.

6011 Welding Rod Polarity

Welding electrodes work on specific polarity and current. The Arc welding commonly requires the direct current power supply as the rod has negative electrodes. This polarity refers to as straight polarity welding or DC-.

Some welding electrodes require the DC+ that refers to as the reverse welding polarity. Only AC polarity of the current is standard in the hobbyists because it is inexpensive. However, every welding rod has the specific polarity that works best to provide welding results. Check the rod specifications and use it on particular polarity.

As we already discuss, the last two digits of the electrode number represent the flux coating, but it also specifies the current type that works best for an electrode. The number E6011 shows that it can work with any polarity, so you don't need to worry about your current system. It will work with any type, including the cracker box, DC-, AC, and any other.

Storing 6011 Rods

If you have the E6011 welding rod, it is advisable to store it in sealed original packing. Some rods have specific materials that get damaged by the air moisture content. But if you don't have the original packaging, then store it in the oven at 250 degrees. Keep in mind that oven storage is only best for stainless steel and cast-iron rods.

The E6011 welding rod can be stored at room temperature but ensure that the environment has less or dry moisture. Don't wet your rod, as it will damage or develop rust.

When To Avoid 6011 Rods?

Every good thing also has some drawbacks. Similarly, the E6011 welding electrode is not suitable in some situations. It provides rough beats, so if you want to have the pretty beats on the welding surface, it is not a good choice.

Some things require wide fillers welds, requiring a more specific welding rod. The E6011 comprehensive fillet welding is more prone to cracking, so you need to use some other welding rode instead.

It has a deep penetration capacity that is not suitable for sheet metals as it can burn them. So it is hard to strike and control thin metals like steel. Ensure that you don't use the E6011 welding rod for the stainless steel and non-ferrous metals as they require TIG welding. Stick welders with iron rods are not suitable for delicate items like aluminum, copper, stainless steel and many more.

Alternate Rod Choices

E6011 welding rod has some drawbacks. Suppose you have a project that requires welding electrode other than 6011. So here are some choices then E6011 rod:

Different electrodes are suitable for various purposes, so if you need a good weld, look for the hydrogen E7018 electrode. These rods produce smooth beads than any other welding material. You can also check the TIG welding for vital weld appearance. They have a different process but provides the best weld.

E7024 is another high deposition rate electrode that is best for fillet weld. It makes a puddle weld that flow and cool with time. This puddle requires filling the joint with a single attempt and prevent cracking. But the 7024 high deposition stick electrode requires a high amperage and work only for flat surfaces.

E6012 and 6013 are best for sheet metal welding. Both these rods don't penetrate deeply in thin materials. 6013 is a flexible rod than 6011, and it doesn't penetrate like other rods. It is easy to use and prevent the sticking of metal.

These welding rods are excellent and provide the best weld according to their specifications.


So by summing up the above discussion, it is clear that E6011 has various functions, especially where deep penetration requires. You can estimate its specifications with the numbers according to the format discussed above. Similarly, all other rods have specifications according to their digits in a specific number. Every good thing has some drawbacks as E6011 has the most considerable advantage: its deep penetration power. But it is also a drawback for another type of welding material like steel or stainless steel. E6011 welding rod works perfectly at every current form like AC, direct current electrode positive (DCEP). So you don't need to worry about some specific current or flux composition requirements.

Moreover, if your project work didn't match the E6011 specifications, you can look for some alternatives like 6012, 6013, E7024. They have their specifications that provide a more excellent weld according to requirement.

We hope this informational guide help you understand everything regarding the E6011 welding rod, and you will have extraordinary experience while using it.


What Is The Recommended Welding Position In The Electrode E6011?

E6011 welding rod is “fast-freeze” electrode that can work in almost every position as it has 1 at the third position of the rod number. But the horizontal and vertical position is recommended for the E6011 rod. It provides the best result in welding at this position. If it has 2 at the third position, it is only suitable for flat welding positions.

Can You Weld Cast Iron With 6011 Rods?

Yes, 6011 mild steel electrode can weld the cast iron as it places the mild steel in the weld. But it also melts the base metal to cause flow in cast iron. 6013 is the best welding rod for cast iron instead of 6011.

What's The Easiest Welding Rod To Use?

E7018 electrode contains a thick flux that is easy to use. It has a high powder content that makes it convenient to use for welding. However, the E7018 rod provides a smooth weld and quiet arc with minimal spatter. It has medium penetration. Many professional welders use it to weld thick metals like steel. This is not high deposition electrode.

Can You Weld Downhill With 6011?

AWS E6011 welding electrode can weld in all the position and directions. No matter it is uphill or downhill direction. There is no problem with welding in the downhill direction. E6011 is one of the best all-position electrodes.

Can You Run 6011 Rod On DC?

Manufacturer's specifically designed the 6011 welding electrode for the AC machines. But it can also work on the DC. So it is the best advantage of 6011 electrodes over many other electrodes that work only on specific currents.

Last Updated on December 1, 2021 by weldinghubs

Leave a Comment

Home » Accessories » E6011 Welding Rod Uses: Need To Know Everything (Applications, Amperage Settings & Tips)