Welding 7018 vertical up stringer beads is a difficult task, but it doesn't have to be. In this post, we will go over how to weld 7018 vertical up stringer beads. Welding is a necessary skill for any welder and knowing how to do it properly can lead to many different opportunities.
In order to weld 7018 vertical up stringer beads, strike an arc and ensure the appropriate amperage has been set, slowly pull the rod into a molten puddle while keeping the amperage output constant, push the rod into the puddle then pull back slowly to create a V-shaped puddle and then use an oxy-acetylene torch to clean up your bead.
To do it you need 3/32 rod, have between 72-80 amps on the machine (turn down your amperage if slag comes out), and practice first by welding some metal before going onto real projects. If 50 pounds of rods sounds like too much then don't worry - just get as many as needed for what project you're working on.
This article will look at the topic of up stringer beads, their design, and their function. It will also be a guide on which type of welding wire or rod makes up this type of beads such as 7018 type electrodes.
Welding is not an easy craft and takes years of practice before you are ready for the task. We hope that by following these instructions you will be well on your way to welding 7018 vertical up stringer beads in no time.
# Table of Contents
What is a stringer bead?
A string bead is a way to weld metal. It is a straightforward process. You either drag the torch across the joint in a straight line, or you push it. Dragging means that you are pushing your torch with no or minimal side-to-side movement. So it should be angled in the forward welding direction so that the puddle will follow behind.
Besides this, a string weld bead is different from a weaving bead. In welding, the weaving bead produces less dilution because the weld puddle is always touching the part of the bead that was made in the last oscillation rather than touching the base metal
A stringer bead is when you have an acceptable width. It is made by moving the torch or electrode back and forth without any up-down motion. You need to use many strings in V-groove butt weld on very thick metal.
A stringer bead is a way to weld metal. It is made by moving the torch or the electrode back and forth without any up-down motion. You need to use many strings in a V-groove butt weld on very thick metal.
How do you use a stringer bead?
A string is a bead that can be either on the left or right side of the joint, depending on which direction you want the welding to go. It will drag if you are going forward and push if you are going with a minimal amount of side-to-side movement.
Some metals are very thin and can be pushed but it might take longer to weld up on a vertical joint because it makes the weld solid quickly.
One downside is that you will not get as much metal in the base metal when pushing, but it can give more speed for something like string beads which are not very wide anyway.
You can also weld in a straight line, but make sure that there is a fusion between the weld and base metal by welding on both sides of the joint.
Sometimes you can move the torch slow enough that the weld puddle can flow over both sides of the joint, but other times it is better to move it from side to side as shown below.
You should not move too far out because then it will make a weave bead. Beads are used for metal and they help it last longer. They are not meant to fuse with the base metal but they make a protective layer on it.
Tips to Weld 7018 Vertical up Stringer Beads
Welding up a 7018 vertical up stringer bead is not an easy task.
It's hard to get the right angle and you need to strike the arc at a high speed for about 8 seconds or until you see that the puddle has increased in size enough.
With this article, we'll show you how to weld up your own 7018 vertical up stringer beads with ease.
Many people need help welding. Welding is when you make two things stick together with a burning fire. It needs to be done in a special way so that the fire doesn't catch anything on fire. When you weld something, it can be horizontal or vertical. If it's vertical, here are five tips:
- Choose the right electrode
- Create a weld shelf
- Avoid undercutting
- Use a low power setting
- Consider flux-cored welding
Let’s dig into it….
01: Choose the Right Electrode
In vertical up welding, you have to fight gravity. You need a special type of wire that is low on iron powder content. This is because the metal will drop off when it's hot and liquid. For this, you'll need an electrode with a classification of 7018.
To do this type of welding, you need to have fairly slow travel speed with 12-15 inches per minute (or slower). You'll also need to have something for support if the metal is very thin.
This type of welding technique typically uses one pass but can be done with more than one if the steel thickness allows it. It's good on most metals that are 1/8" thick or thicker and work well around structures such as oil rigs where weight needs to be handled easily and corrosion resistance is important.
AWS 6010 is similar to AWS 7018 but the former makes it easier to make strings in the puddle. It needs less pulling and pushing, so it can go faster. A 7024 electrode also needs be used on the surface before welding, or it will drip everywhere and not work well.
A 6010 electrode is good for welding when the surface is bad. It takes more time and skill than 7018, but it can fix problems with bad surfaces.
02: Create a Weld Shelf
There are five positions to weld in. The two positions that take the longest time are the vertical-up and down positions. This is because you have to fight gravity. A slow travel speed helps more than a fast one, so it is required on most materials thicker than sheet metal.
The trick to welding both vertical and overhead is to not let the puddle spill out of the weld. When you are welding something thicker than sheet metal, you have to do it uphill. Welding thinner sheet metal can be done going downhill because less penetration is needed and the faster travel speed makes a cooler temperature so it stops burning through.
Vertical-up welding is like bricklaying. You make a welded base, one small section at a time, and then you keep building on top of it. Each layer that you do acts as the bottom of your next layer, so it's called the "shelf."
Each step on the shelf should be about 1.5-2 inches wide. A 1/8 inch electrode needs to create a puddle that is about as big as 1/6th of an inch or smaller.
When stringing up a piece of metal with an electrode, start at the bottom and then work your way up. The fast travel speed heats up the base of the puddle, so doing it this way keeps holes to a minimum.
The short method is to just go from one side to another quickly and not bother with creating a nice 1/8 inch by 1/6 inch wide weld. This works fine if you are welding something that is only 1/8 inch thick, but not when it is thicker.
The method that works best for me is to create a little lip on each end of the weld and then fill up the center section between them. It's kind of like making a banana split. This way I can make sure I have a large enough puddle to get good penetration.
I don't worry about burn-through because I use a stitch method where the electrode is only in the metal for a few seconds at a time and then goes all the way through to the other side before coming back up. Then you repeat going from one end to another over and over.
03: Avoid Undercutting
Undercutting can be defined as when there is not enough metal on one side of the weld because it has been pushed into the other material and away from the welding zone. This can cause problems at any location where you are welding but are especially visible on vertical stringer beads.
The way to avoid this is through adjusting your current and setting, along with controlling the electrode wire feed speed and diameter when welding on a plate thicker than 1/8 of an inch.
This type of weld starts as a short circuit between the work and the wire, which causes extra resistance in the system. This causes the current to rise and the wire goes through quicker.
04: Use a Low Power Setting
Welding is often done with the power set low to keep things steady. Puddles need to freeze quickly and be held in position, so welding needs to happen at a low amperage setting. Setting the power level lower also means that you can weld for longer without getting tired.
Welding in the flat position is helpful because gravity helps out, so it can be welded at lower temperatures and faster travels speeds than welding vertically up. Use less power when you weld up or over your head. For example, use 120-130 amps at 1/8 inch 7018 electrodes and 90-100 amps at 1/8 inch 6010 electrodes.
05: Consider Flux-cored Vertical-up Welding
Flux-cored welding is better than stick welding. Flux-cored wire can keep on coming, making the person doing the welding more productive. Many people think it is more convenient to use stick welds because they can be moved around easily.
The flux-cored wire might be a good way to weld for a long time in one place. If this is the case, you should do all of the same things as when welding with the 7018 stick welding technique. Build a shelf and work upwards slowly so that the level below can cool while not overheating your base metal.
Step By Step Vertical up Stringer Beads Welding Process With 7018
The procedure is simple, once you have the hang of it:
A vertical bead is welded by placing it so that the bead will have an uphill hot pass. The metal cladding has already been removed, and you would start at one end of the joint, welding upwards in a single pass to come up through the top before striking off down on the other side to make it flush with this coupling (also called turning).
The next steps are shown in 1-10. When welding vertical beads on another material--such as steel--you do not need to remove the cladding material. The rest can be left on.
Step-01: To use enough amps while holding a tight arc without sticking your rod, you should consider using electrodes with an E7018 type coating.
Step-02: Hold a tight arc.
Step-03: Limit your electrode manipulation.
Step-04: Plan ahead and make sure you leave space for the next bead before starting a new pass or marking up for more passes. You want to avoid trapping yourself, so walk around the weldment and look at it before continuing with another pass or marking up for more passes.
Step-05: Make sure you have a proper travel speed.
Step-06: Take breaks to keep your electrode hot enough to be able to get a good weld. This will smooth out the weld bead and make it look like a single continuous bead without ridges or dips.
Step-07: Use proper type 7018 electrodes (not 6010). [You could do this instead of following step 6].
Step-08: If you are welding something that has a very thin base material, it's best to use a stringer bead and not a weave bead.
Step-09: Before making your first pass, confirm proper stick-out requirements for the electrode type you are using.
Step-10: Use proper travel speed during all passes except root pass. For the root pass, slow down a little as it is best to do this pass slowly. This will help avoid hot short cracks.
To make your first bead, arrange your rod tip so that it's approximately 6 inches away from where you plan to start the bead (also called puddle area). If you are using a solid cup brush-style welding electrode, the rod tip should be above the puddle area because the filler metal will come from the bottom of your cup.
WPS for 7018 vertical
WPS means welding procedure specification. WPS is important for the right way to weld something. It tells you how to do a welding job.
A WPS includes information about:
- What amperage, voltage, and polarity of the electrode must be used for successful welds;
- How to set up your joint configuration in different ways.
- Which hand to hold the torch in?
Sometimes a WPS says string beads instead of a weave, and you need to use string beads if it said string beads instead of a weave. Stringers are used more often now because they are better than weaves, but sometimes weaves can be good too when they are not breaking or stressed out.
The 7018 vertical up stringer beads can be welded using an orbital wire feed welder. The bead is created by the welding process, and this will leave a solid mass of metal to act as reinforcement for your project. It's best to use either aluminum or steel filler metals with the 7018 type because you want it to melt quickly without burning out too soon.
Last Updated on December 1, 2021 by weldinghubs