What Is 6013 Welding Rod Used For?

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The 6013 welding electrode is made of mild steel and is capable of being used in any position on the weld. This versatile, all-purpose wire will deliver a smooth arc that's good for whatever you need it to do - whether small or large AC power sources are available.

6013 welding rod is a popular choice for many welders, and it's easy to see why. What is the 6013 welding rod used for? It has good cutting and penetrating ability, which makes it perfect for thicker materials like steel. What are the other benefits of this type of welding rod? Let's find out together in this blog post.

What Does E6013 Stand For?

E6013 is a designation for a High titania potassium flux. It is a traditional type of welding rod designed for AC or DC. Moreover, this type of welding rod is used in all positions and any thickness or small to a large current. AC, DCEP, and DCEN are used for four different positions: horizontal on the floor, vertical on side of bed or table, overhead on a chair with dental arm or toilet roll holder against chest, and flat either lying down or in an upright position.

  • E = Electric Arc Welding
  • 60 (First 2 digit) = Tensile strength in 1000/lbs
  • 1 (3rd digit) = Welding Position
  • 3 (Fourth digit) = Type of flux/Welding current

There are many different electrodes. But one type of electrode that beginners often use is called an E6013. The first two numbers "60" mean how strong the electrode is, and it is 59,700 pounds per inch or just under 60 thousand pounds per inch.

The third number of 1 means that you can use these welding electrodes in all four positions of vertical, horizontal, flat, and overhead.

Some numbers tell you what kind of slag to use. If the number is 0, it means you can use DCRP. If the number is 1, you can use either DC or AC Reverse Polarity. If it's 2, you can use DC or AC straight polarity. 3 tell us that we might be able to use straight or reverse polarity with your electrode.

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The Components of the E6013 Welding Rod

The E6013 welding rod is a very versatile product. It can be used in many different ways and for a wide variety of applications, which is why it's so popular. The following are some of the components that make up this product:

  • Carbon .08
  • Manganese .45
  • Silicon .18
  • Phosphorus .012
  • Sulfur .009
  • Elongation 28%
  • This type of weld is classed AWS A5.1 Class E6013.

    What is a 6013 Welding Rod Good For?

    The 6013 is a type of welding rod that is used when welders need to have a smooth and medium-style arc.

    Moreover, it can be used with small power sources, which means that it can be helpful for people who do not have access to large power sources.

    It also allows for the welding to happen quietly without much spatter loss. The slag produced by the electrode lifts easily and produces nicely rippled beads as well.

    The 6013 rods are best used in the vertical down position because it freezes quickly and provides optimum performance when the wire is new and clean sheet metal.

    This wire has low elongation, which makes it really useful for job welds with high tensile strength at 60,000 psi along with 48,000 psi in terms of its yield strength.

    Where E6013 Isn’t So Good?

    You’ve been using the 6013 welding rod for a while now and you like it. It works well on thin steel sheets but not so good with thick ones.

    The 6013 welding rod is great for most applications, but it doesn’t work well on thick steel sheets or dirty sheet metal. If you need to weld thicker steel or clean sheet metal, try our other products instead.

    The following are some of the applications where 6013s may not be very effective:

    • Welding thick stuff or dirty surfaces. (Recommended to use E7018)
    • Tacking thick stuff in a vertical down position. (Recommended for E6010)
    • Working with large power sources. (Recommended for E71T-1 and E9013 electrodes)

    What Can You Do With The E6013 Welding Rod?

    Welding rods are classified by their molecular composition, and the E6013 welding rod falls into the "easy" group.

    Some people might argue that the E6013 welding rod is not a good one to use for training, but I disagree. It can weld thin metal and is also forgiving when you're learning how to weld.

    There are some bad things about E6013 though. It leaves a heavy slag when it melts and doesn't penetrate deep into the metal as other rods do.

    But, the quality of your welds will be very high and you'll be able to make beautiful patterns, something you can't do with other welding rods.

    While this rod will not do as well as E6010 or even E7018, it puts down a lot of metal quickly.

    When it comes to welding, controlling slag is one of the biggest challenges. A tight arc and advanced rod angle are needed to help control it.

    This rod is used for "multi-pass" welds. This is when you need to make a lot of layers on the weld. It makes the weld much stronger and better.

    Many people like the 6013. They think it is a good choice. I tried it too and it was not hard to do. Roots are difficult to remove, but the 6013 helped on this as well

    As you can see, the E6013 is popular for a reason. It has great abilities and properties, which make it one of the best electrodes on the market today.

    Whether you're making a weld joint or just using it in everyday life, this product will serve your needs well.

    The following are some of the applications where you can use the 6013 welding rod:

    • Welding of thin sheets of metal and clean surfaces that are in good condition.
    • Use for thick stuff. But not with big amperage
    • In multi-pass welds to make them stronger and more durable. (Recommended)
    • When you are not welding dirty metal
    • When working with small power sources
    • Working with clean metal that is in good condition. (Recommended)
    • Welding thinner steel sheets or joints that are less than 1/8" thick. 

    How Do You Weld With An E6013 Welding Rod?

    Welding is a process that joins metal pieces together. It can be done by melting the two pieces of metal and then joining them, or by using a filler material to fill in the spaces between the two pieces of metal.

    The most common type of welding is called "shielded metal arc welding" (SMAW), which uses an electric current to heat up an electrode until it's hot enough to melt both parts being joined.

    To weld with this type of rod, first, make sure your work area is clean and free from any debris or other materials that could get caught in the molten pool as it cools down.

    Before starting the weld you need to find out the answer to the following questions

    Let's clear the aforesaid questions one by one.

    Is 6013 Welding Rod AC Or DC?

    The 6013 rods are best for welding areas where the metal is free of dirt and rust because it penetrates less but doesn't burn through. They're also all-position AC or DC polarity so you can weld anywhere without worrying about which direction your poles go in relation to each other.

    What Amp Do I Need To Weld With A 6013 Rod? 

    You're not sure what amp you need to weld with a 6013 Rod. Welding is an important skill for any tradesman, but it can be hard to know how much power you need.

    Here I made a table that you can use to find out how many amps are needed for the various thicknesses.

    E6013 Welding Rod Amperage Chart


    Diameter (mm)

    Diameter (Inches)

    Amperage Range

































    What Polarity Does 6013 Use?

    For E6013, recommended polarity is Reverse polarity. E6013 is a type of electrode that creates a soft arc of electricity. This arc is easy to control and it has less spatter when welding on the vertical down position. The bead that is created will look beautiful and you can use this electrode in either AC or DC positions.

    Now you are clear on how to weld with an E-6013 rod, so it's time for you to try it out.

    You should clean the metal with a wire brush before you weld it. You can start welding by scratching the rod against the metal.

    Besides this, you need to be able to see what you are welding. You should move around so you can see the end of the electrode as well as the arc that is made when you weld. When you do this, make sure your head is not close to any smoke.

    Moreover, to do good welding, use a 10-15 degree angle. The electrode should have the bottom facing towards the direction you are going to travel. Then move it in a slightly circular motion or whip it back and forth to get a better weld.

    Applications of E6013 Welding Rod

    6013 electrode is used for things that need to look good. It can be on cars, trucks, and other large metal objects. It can also be on things like furniture, machines, and big containers where people put stuff.

    This rod can also be used for welding thin sheet metal in places where heavy sheets of steel wouldn't work. It is not as stable as a thicker electrode and it will need to be welded with a steeper angle, but it's good because it's cheaper than using other rods that are better suited for this type of job.


    The E6013 welding rod is a versatile product that can be used in many different situations. However, before you use it for your project make sure to consider the type of polarity and materials you are working with as well as what specific purpose this welding rod will serve.

    We've covered a lot of ground in this article, including what the E6013 welding rod stands for and where it can be used. Now that you know everything there is to know about 6013 welding rods and how they work, we hope you'll apply these principles to your own work or business.


    Can you weld stainless with 6013?

    Yes, you can weld stainless with 6013. If it's not an issue with your welder capacity and capability to work on stainless steel (SS). This material will be just as easy as working on regular mild steel.

    What does the 1 in 6013 welding rod mean?

    Do you drag 6013?

    I only use this electrode for horizontal or flat surfaces. The slag comes off easily and the finish is perfect. I always get a fine, rippled bead when I use it. I drag the electrode in short/medium arcs to get these results.

    Last Updated on December 1, 2021 by weldinghubs

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